Here is a list of resources to understand what it means to be anti-racist and how to do better…

We must do better.

“The opposite of racist isn’t ‘not racist.’ It is ‘anti-racist.’ What’s the difference? One endorses either the idea of a racial hierarchy as a racist, or racial equality as an anti-racist. One either believes problems are rooted in groups of people, as a racist, or locates the roots of problems in power and policies, as an anti-racist. One either allows racial inequities to persevere, as a racist, or confronts racial inequities, as an anti-racist. There is no in-between safe space of ‘not racist.” Ibram X. Kendi

Please also visit the history resource page. In America we are taught a very whitewashed version of history. Unlearning and relearning history is vital to anti-racism.


1. Me and White Supremacy Workbook -Layla F. Saad

“We are at a very important time in history. Many white liberal progressives like to believe that we are in a post-racial time in history. But the truth is, racism and antiblackness are still alive and well today. The legal abolition of slavery did not abolish the slavemaster’s mindset. People of colour are suffering daily from the effects of historic and modern colonialism. Right-wing, anti-Muslim nationalism is gaining popularity not just in the United States, but across the western world. And anti-blackness continues to be a form of racism that can be found all around the world. It may seem like we are at a time history when racism and white supremacy is resurfacing, but the truth is, it never went away. And so, while it is true that recent events such as the 2016 US presidential election have really brought these issues to the forefront, the reality is these issues have always been there. And BIPOC in white-dominated societies and spaces have always been at the receiving end of constant discrimination, inequities, injustices and aggressions.”

2. Between the World and MeTa-Nehisi Coates

“But all our phrasing—race relations, racial chasm, racial justice, racial profiling, white privilege, even white supremacy—serves to obscure that racism is a visceral experience, that it dislodges brains, blocks airways, rips muscle, extracts organs, cracks bones, breaks teeth. You must never look away from this. You must always remember that the sociology, the history, the economics, the graphs, the charts, the regressions all land, with great violence, upon the body.”
“You must resist the common urge toward the comforting narrative of divine law, toward fairy tales that imply some irrepressible justice. The enslaved were not bricks in your road, and their lives were not chapters in your redemptive history. They were people turned to fuel for the American machine. Enslavement was not destined to end, and it is wrong to claim our present circumstance—no matter how improved—as the redemption for the lives of people who never asked for the posthumous, untouchable glory of dying for their children. Our triumphs can never compensate for this.”

3. So You Want to Talk About Race -Ijeoma Oluo

“If you live in this system of white supremacy, you are either fighting the system of you are complicit. There is no neutrality to be had towards systems of injustice, it is not something you can just opt out of.”
“You are racist because you were born and bred in a racist, white supremacist society. White Supremacy is, as I’ve said earlier, insidious by design. The racism required to uphold White Supremacy is woven into every area of our lives. There is no way you can inherit white privilege from birth, learn racist white supremacist history in schools, consume racist and white supremacist movies and films, work in a racist and white supremacist workforce, and vote for racist and white supremacist governments and not be racist.”

4. Aphro-ism: Essays on Pop Culture, Feminism, and Black Veganism from Two Sisters -Aph Ko & Syl Ko

“If we use the existing framework or model—the established mindset—to articulate a “solution” to a problem that that model sustains, in what way are we “dismantling”?”
“Part of activism is finding yourself in a new space of confusion, allowing yourself to step into new conceptual terrain. When you abandon commonly held oppressive beliefs, you might not exactly know what to do afterward, and that’s where more activists need to be.”

5. “Why Are All the Black Kids Sitting Together in the Cafeteria?”: A Psychologist Explains the Development of Racial Identity -Beverly Daniel Tatum, PhD

“Sometimes the assumptions we make about others come not from what we have been told or what we have seen on television or in books, but rather from what we have not been told. The distortion of historical information about people of color leads young people (and older people too) to make assumptions that may go unchallenged for a long time.”
“While I think it is necessary to be honest about the racism of our past and present, it is also necessary to empower children (and adults) with the vision that change is possible. Concrete examples are critical.”

6. How to Be an Anti-Racist -Ibram X. Kendi

“What’s the problem with being “not racist”? It is a claim that signifies neutrality: “I am not a racist, but neither am I aggressively against racism.” But there is no neutrality in the racism struggle. The opposite of “racist” isn’t “not racist.” It is “antiracist.”
“The most threatening racist movement is not the alt right’s unlikely drive for a White ethnostate but the regular American’s drive for a ‘race-neutral’ one. The construct of race neutrality actually feeds White nationalist victimhood by positing the notion that any policy protecting or advancing non-White Americans toward equity is ‘reverse discrimination.”

7. Why I’m No Longer Talking to White People About Race -Reni Eddo-Lodge

“White privilege is an absence of the consequences of racism. An absence of structural discrimination, an absence of your race being viewed as a problem first and foremost.”
“Not seeing race does little to deconstruct racist structures or materially improve the conditions which people of colour are subject to daily. In order to dismantle unjust, racist structures, we must see race. We must see who benefits from their race, who is disproportionately impacted by negative stereotypes about their race, and to who power and privilege is bestowed upon – earned or not – because of their race, their class, and their gender. Seeing race is essential to changing the system.”
“The idea of white privilege forces white people who aren’t actively racist to confront their own complicity in its continuing existence. White privilege is dull, grinding complacency. It is par for the course in a world in which drastic race inequality is responded to with a shoulder shrug, considered just the norm.”

8. I’m Still Here: Black Dignity in a World Made for Whiteness -Austin Channing Brown

“When you believe niceness disproves the presence of racism, it’s easy to start believing bigotry is rare, and that the label racist should be applied only to mean-spirited, intentional acts of discrimination. The problem with this framework—besides being a gross misunderstanding of how racism operates in systems and structures enabled by nice people—is that it obligates me to be nice in return, rather than truthful. I am expected to come closer to the racists. Be nicer to them. Coddle them. “
“Our only chance at dismantling racial injustice is being more curious about its origins than we are worried about our comfort. It’s not a comfortable conversation for any of us. It is risky and messy. It is haunting work to recall the sins of our past. But is this not the work we have been called to anyway? Is this not the work of the Holy Spirit to illuminate truth and inspire transformation? It’s haunting. But it’s also holy.”
“White supremacy is a tradition that must be named and a religion that must be renounced. When this work has not been done, those who live in whiteness become oppressive, whether intentional or not.”
“Anger is not inherently destructive. My anger can be a force for good. My anger can be creative and imaginative, seeing a better world that doesn’t yet exist. It can fuel a righteous movement toward justice and freedom.”
“Whiteness constantly polices the expressions of Blackness allowed within its walls, attempting to accrue no more than what’s necessary to affirm itself. It wants us to sing the celebratory “We Shall Overcome” during MLK Day but doesn’t want to hear the indicting lyrics of “Strange Fruit.” It wants to see a Black person seated at the table but doesn’t want to hear a dissenting viewpoint. It wants to pat itself on the back for helping poor Black folks through missions or urban projects but has no interest in learning from Black people’s wisdom, talent, and spiritual depth.”

9. The Fire Next Time -James Baldwin

[A LETTER TO THE AUTHOR’S NEPHEW.] “There is no reason for you to try to become like white people and there is no basis whatever for their impertinent assumption that they must accept you. The terrible thing, old buddy, is that you must accept them. And I mean that very seriously. You must accept them and accept them with love. For these innocent people have no other hope. They are, in effect, still trapped in a history which they do not understand; and until they understand it, they cannot be released from it. They have had to believe for many years, and for innumerable reasons, that black men are inferior to white men. Many of them, indeed, know better, but, as you will discover, people find it very difficult to act on what they know.”

10. Born a Crime -Trevor Noah

“We tell people to follow their dreams, but you can only dream of what you can imagine, and, depending on where you come from, your imagination can be quite limited.”
“People love to say, “Give a man a fish, and he’ll eat for a day. Teach a man to fish, and he’ll eat for a lifetime.” What they don’t say is, “And it would be nice if you gave him a fishing rod.” That’s the part of the analogy that’s missing.”
“If you’re Native American and you pray to the wolves, you’re a savage. If you’re African and you pray to your ancestors, you’re a primitive. But when white people pray to a guy who turns water into wine, well, that’s just common sense.”
“The name Hitler does not offend a black South African because Hitler is not the worst thing a black South African can imagine. Every country thinks their history is the most important, and that’s especially true in the West. But if black South Africans could go back in time and kill one person, Cecil Rhodes would come up before Hitler. If people in the Congo could go back in time and kill one person, Belgium’s King Leopold would come way before Hitler. If Native Americans could go back in time and kill one person, it would probably be Christopher Columbus or Andrew Jackson.”

11. White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism -Robin DiAngelo

[DISCLAIMER: This book is written by a white woman. I include it on this list because I learned so much from it, but, as Rebekah Borucki @bexlife said, “Every time you recommend or buy “White Fragility,” you are helping a white woman grow her wealth and profit from Black pain caused by white people. Stop centering white voices in the this conversation. LISTEN TO BLACK WOMAN.” Rachel Cargle @rachel.cargle said “We need to start demanding she donate her book sale profits to an organization that supports the well-being of the black community.” Keep an eye out for/ support this campaign!]

“White people raised in Western society are conditioned into a white supremacist worldview because it is the bedrock of our society and its institutions. Regardless of whether a parent told you that everyone was equal, or the poster in the hall of your white suburban school proclaimed the value of diversity, or you have traveled abroad, or you have people of color in your workplace or family, the ubiquitous socializing power of white supremacy cannot be avoided. The messages circulate 24-7 and have little or nothing to do with intentions, awareness, or agreement. Entering the conversation with this understanding is freeing because it allows us to focus on how–rather than if–our racism is manifest. When we move beyond the good/bad binary, we can become eager to identify our racist patterns because interrupting those patterns becomes more important than managing how we think we look to others.”
“I repeat: stopping our racist patterns must be more important than working to convince others that we don’t have them. We do have them, and people of color already know we have them; our efforts to prove otherwise are not convincing. An honest accounting of these patterns is no small task given the power of white fragility and white solidarity, but it is necessary.”

12. Freedom is a Constant Struggle: Ferguson, Palestine, and the Foundations of a Movement -Angela Y. Davis

“What we saw in the police reaction to the resistance that spontaneously erupted in the aftermath of the killing of Michael Brown, was an armed response that revealed the extent to which local police departments have been equipped with military arms, military technology, military training. The militarization of the police leads us to think about Israel and the militarization of the police there. If only the images of the police, and not of the demonstrators, had been shown, one might have assumed that Ferguson was Gaza. I think it is important to recognize the extent to which, in the aftermath of the advent of the war on terror, police departments all over the US have been equipped with the means to allegedly fight terror. It’s very interesting, that during the commentary on Ferguson, someone pointed out, that the purpose of the police is supposed to be to protect and serve, at least that’s their slogan. Soldiers are trained to shoot to kill. We saw the way in which that manifested itself in Ferguson. “
“At this point, at this moment in the history of the US, I don’t think that there can be policing without racism. I don’t think that the criminal justice system can operate without racism. Which is to say, that if we want to imagine the possibility of a society without racism, it has to be a society without prisons, without the kind of policing that we experience today. And I think that different frameworks, perhaps restorative justice frameworks, need to be evoked in order to begin to imagine a society that is secure. I think that security is our main issue, but not the kind of security that is based on policing and incarceration, perhaps transformative justice provides a framework for imagining a very different kind of security in the future.”
“All around the world people are saying that we want to struggle together as global communities to create a world free of xenophobia and racism, a world from which poverty has been expunged, and the availability of food is not subject to the demands of capitalist profit. I would say a world where a corporation like Monsanto would be deemed criminal, where homophobia and transphobia can really be called historical relics, along with the punishment of incarceration and institutions of confinement for disabled people. And where everyone learns how to respect the environment and all of the creatures, human and non-human alike, with whom we cohabit our worlds.”
“Certainly we need a great deal more than talk but it is also the case that we need to learn how to talk about race and racism. If we do not know how to meaningfully talk about racism our actions will move in misleading directions. The call for public conversations on race and racism is also a call to develop a vocabulary that permits us to have insightful conversations. If we attempt to use historically obsolete vocabularies, our consciousness of racism will remain shallow and we can be easily urged to assume, that for example, changes in the law spontaneously produce effective changes in the social world.”
“Deep understandings of racist violence arm us against deceptive solutions. When we are told we simply need better police, and better prisons, we counter with what we really need- we need to reimagine security, which will involve the abolition of policing and imprisonment as we know them. We will say demilitarize the police, disarm the police, abolish the institution of the police as we know it, and abolish imprisonment as the dominant mode of punishment. But we will have only just begun to tell the truth about violence in America.”
“No amount of psychological therapy or group training can effectively address racism in this country unless we also begin to dismantle the structures of racism. Prisons are racism incarnate… as the lynch pins of the prison industrial complex, they represent the increasing profitability of punishment, they represent the increasingly global strategy of dealing with populations of people of color, immigrant populations from the countries of the global south, as surplus populations, as disposable populations, put them all in a vast garbage bin, add some sophisticated electronic technology to control them and let them languish there. And in the meantime, create the ideological illusion that the surrounding society is safer and more free because the dangerous black people and latios, the dangerous native Americans, the dangerous Asians, and dangerous white people, and of course the dangerous Muslims, are locked up. And in the meantime, corporations profit and poor communities suffer. Public education suffers, public education suffers because it is not profitable according to corporate measures. Public healthcare suffers. If punishment can be profitable, then certainly healthcare should be profitable too. This is absolutely outrageous.”
“When we celebrate black history, it is not primarily for the purpose of representing individual black people, in the numerous roles, as first to break down barriers in the many fields that have been historically closed to people of color, although it is extremely important to acknowledge these firsts. But rather, we celebrate black history, I believe, because it is a centuries old struggle to achieve and expand freedom for us all. And so black history is indeed American history but it is also world history.”
… people everywhere have identified with the sustained struggle for freedom, or what Cedrick Robinson calls, the Black Radical Tradition. It is a tradition that can be claimed by people everywhere, regardless of race, regardless of nationality, regardless of geographical location. Moreover, Black Americans have been the  beneficiaries of solidarity generated in all parts of the world.”
“In the United States we are at such a disadvantage because we don’t know how to talk about the genocide inflicted on indigenous people. We do not know how to talk about slavery. Otherwise, it would have not been assumed that simply because of the election of one black man to the presidency, we would leap forward into a post racial era. We do not acknowledge that we all live on colonized land and in the meantime, native Americans live in impoverished conditions on reservations. They have an extremely high incarceration rate. As a matter of fact, per capita, the highest incarceration rate. And they suffer disproportionately from such diseases as alcoholism and diabetes. In the meantime, sports teams still mock indigenous people with racially derogatory names like the Washington RedSkins. We do not know how to talk about slavery except, perhaps, within a frame work of victim and victimizer, one that continues to polarize and implicate. But I can say, that increasingly, young activists are learning how to acknowledge the intersections of these stories, the ways in which these stories are cross hatched and overlaid. Therefore, when we attempt to develop an analysis for the persistence of racist violence, largely directed at young black men, of which we have been hearing a great deal over this last period, we cannot forget to contextualize this racist violence.”

13. Assata: An Autobirography -Assata Shakur

“… I would never have imagined that history was connected to art, that philosophy was connected to science, and so on. The usual way that people are taught to think in America is that each subject is in a little compartment and has no relation to any other subject. For the most part, we receive fragments of unrelated knowledge and our education follows no logical format or pattern. It is exactly this kind of education that produces people who don’t have the ability to think for themselves and who are easily manipulated.”
“I have never really understood exactly what a liberal is… Since I’ve heard liberals express every conceivable opinion on every conceivable subject. As far as I can tell, you have the extreme right who are fascist, racist, capitalist, dogs, like Ronald Regan, who come right out and let you know where they’re coming from. And on the opposite end you have the left, who are supposed to be committed to justice and equality and human rights. And somewhere between those two points is the liberal. As far as I’m concerned, liberal is the most meaningless word in the dictionary. History has shown me that as long as some white middle class people can live high on the hog, take vacations to Europe, and send their children to private schools and reap the benefits of their white skinned privilege then they are liberals. But when times get hard and money gets tight, they pull off that liberal mask and you think you’re talking to Adolf Hitler. They feel sorry for the so-called under privileged, just as so long as they can maintain their own privileges.”
“A lot of people don’t know how many ways racism can manifest itself, and how many ways people fight against it. When I think of how racist, how Eurocentric, our so called education in America is, it staggers my mind. And when I think back to some of those kids who were labeled trouble makers and problem students, I realize many of them were unsung heroes who fought to maintain some sense of dignity and self worth.”
“Nobody in the world, nobody in history, has ever gotten their freedom by appealing to the moral sense of the people who are oppressing them. Once you study and really get a good understanding of the way the system in the United States works, then you see, without a doubt, that the Civil Rights Movement never had a chance of succeeding. White people, whether they are from the North or the South, whether it was in 1960 or 1980, benefit from the oppression of black people. Those who believe that the president and vice president and the congress and the supreme court run this country, are sadly mistaken. The almighty dollar is king. And those who have the most money control the country. And through campaign contributions, buy and sell, presidents, congressmen and judges, the ones who pass the laws and enforce the laws that benefit their benefactors. The rich have always used racism to maintain power. To hate someone, to discriminate against them and to attack them because of their racial characteristics, is one of the most primitive, reactionary, ignorant ways of thinking that exists. A war between the races would help nobody and free nobody and should be avoided at all costs. But a one sided race war with black people as the targets and white people shooting the guns, is worse. We will be criminally negligent however, if we do not deal with racism and racist violence and if we do not prepare to defend ourselves against it.”
“Everything is a lie in America. And the thing that keeps it going, is that so many people believe the lie.”
“At first, almost all the whtie jurors began by saying they had no prejudices… we learned they had no black friends or neighbors, would object to their children marrying a black person, or have referred to black peoples as n****** or some other derogatory name… most of them preferred to be excused rather than have their feelings towards black people, black militants, and black panthers questioned and explored. When you think about the fact that the average black defendant on trial gets to ask perspective jurors only a few perfunctory questions, you can see why so many black people end up in jail.”
“Many of us have misconceptions about black history in America. What we were taught in the public school system is usually inaccurate, distorted, and packed full of outright lies. Among the most common lies are that Lincoln freed the slaves, that the civil war was fought to free the slaves, and that the history of black people in America has consisted of slow but steady progress. That things have gotten better, bit by bit. Belief in these myths can cause us to make serious mistakes in analyzing our current situation and in planning future action. Abraham Lincoln was in no way whatsoever a friend of black people. He had little concern for our plight. In his famous reply to editor Horace Greely in August 1862, he openly stated, “My paramount objective in this struggle is to save the union and is not to either save nor destroy slavery. If I could save the union without freeing any slaves, I would do it. And if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that.” …. In the inaugural speech on March 4th 1861 Lincoln said that slavery was legal under the constitution and that he had no right and no intention to abolish slavery. He further promised to enforce the fugitive slave act which permitted southern slave owners to reclaim their escaped slaves in Northern states. What the law actually did was give any white man with a certification of ownership the right to kidnap any free black man, woman or child in the north and force them into slavery. Because of this position Lincoln received a great deal of criticism from black abolitionists.”
“Revolutionaries in Africa understood that the question of African liberation was not just a question of race. That even if they managed to get rid of the white colonialists, if they didn’t rid themselves of the capitalist economic structure, the white colonialists would simply be replaced by black neo-colonialists. There was not a single liberation movement in Africa that was not fighting for socialism. In fact that was not a single liberation movement in the whole world that was fighting for capitalism. The whole thing boiled down to a simple equation: anything that has any kind of value is made, mined, grown, produced, and processed, by working people, so why shouldn’t working people collectively own that wealth? Why shouldn’t working people own and control their own resources? Capitalism meant that rich businessmen owned the wealth, while socialism meant that the people who made the wealth owned it.”
“Once you understand something about the history of a people, their heros, their hardships and their sacrifices, it’s easier to struggle with them, to support their struggle. For a lot of people in this country, people who live in other places, have no faces, and this is the way the US government wants it to be. They figure that as long as the people have no faces, and the country has no form, Americans will not protest when they send the marines to wipe them out.”
“One of the most important things the party [Black Panther] did was make it really clear who the enemy was: Not the white people, but the capitalistic, imperialistic, oppressors. They took the black liberation struggle out of a national context and put it in an international context. The party supported revolutionary struggles and governments all over the world and insisted the US get out of Africa, Asia, out of Latin America, and out of the Ghetto too.”
“If you are deaf, dumb and blind to what’s happening in the world, you’re under no obligation to do anything. But if you know what’s happening, and you don’t do anything but sit on you ass, then you’re nothing but a punk.”
I preferred Ho Chi Minh, Kim Il Sung, Che, or Fidel, but I ended up having to get into Marx and Lenin just to understand a lot of the speeches and stuff Huey Newton was putting out. It wasn’t easy reading but I was glad I did it. It opened up my horizons a hell of a lot. I didn’t relate to them as the great white fathers, or like some kind of Gods, like some of the white revolutionaries did… They were two dudes who had made contributions to revolutionary struggle too great to be ignored.”
“…courage and dedication were not enough. To win any struggle for liberation, you have to have the way, as well as the will. An overall ideology and strategy that stem from scientific analysis of history, and present conditions.” 
“…armed struggle, by itself, can never bring about a revolution. Revolutionary war is a people’s war. And no people’s war can be won, without the support of the masses of people. Armed struggle can never be successful by itself. It must be part of an overall strategy for winning and the strategy must be political as well as military.”
“Any community seriously concerned with its own freedom, has to be concerned about other people’s freedom as well. The victory of oppressed people anywhere in the world, is a victory for Black people. Each time one of the imperialism tentacles is cut off, we are closer to liberation.” 
“Too many people in the U.S. support death and destruction without being aware of it. They indirectly support the killing of people without ever having to look at the corpses.” 
“… whites fighting against racism had to fight on two levels- against institutionalized racism and against their own racist ideas.”


The Next Question by Austin Channing Brown

The Interrupters


Angela Davis Speaks -Angela Davis (Audible & Spotify)


  1. White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack -Peggy McIntosh
  2. Welcome to the Anti-Racism Movement
  3. White People: I don’t Want You to Understand Me Better, I Want You To Understand Yourselves
  4. White People: Your Dictionary Definition of Racism is Wrong
  5. 75 Things White People Can Do for Racial Justice
  6. The Case for Reparations
  7. Understanding the Role of Police Towards Abolitionism: On Black Death As An American Necessity, Abolition, Non-Violence, and Whiteness
  8. Racism Defined

Instagram Accounts

1. Layla F. Saad @laylafsaad

2. Rachel Ricketts @iamrachelricketts

3. Rachel Cargle @rachel.cargle

4. No White Saviors @nowhitesaviors

5. Ebony Janice @ebonyjanice

6. Kaitlin Curtice @kaitlincurtice

7. Catrice M. Jackson @catriceology

8. Seeding Sovereignty @seedingsovereignty

9. Allen @lilnativeboy

10. decolonize @decolonize_

11. redfish @redfishstream

12. The Root @the.root

13. Three Token Brown Girls @3tokenbrowngirls

14. The Mirror @the.mirror

15. Dr. Jennifer Mullan @decolonizingtherapy

16. Int’l Indigenous Youth Council @iiycfamily

17. Indigenous Rising @indigenousrising

18. The Conscious Kid @theconsciouskid

19. Asian Actiivist @asian. actiivist

20. Lit Circle @lit_c.i.r.c.le

21. Teach for the Culture @teachfortheculture

22. Noname @nonamehiding

23. Noname’s Book Club @nonamereads

24. J Mase III @jmaseii

White Ally Examples:

1. Marla @whitegirllearning

2. Jenny Booth Potter @jennybpotter

3. Kelsey @unpopularvote

Additional Resources

  1. Use this map to know what indigenous land you reside on.